Vitiligo (Leukoderma) is an acquired condition that causes the skin to lose color. It is neither contagious nor life-threatening. Besides on the skin, vitiligo can develop anywhere on the body that has pigment, such as the hair, inside the mouth, or the eyes.
Vitiligo is best defined as a skin problem in which there is loss of skin color in blotches. The extent and rate of pigment loss in vitiligo is unpredictable and greatly varies from individual to individual.
These white patches appear when the pigment (Melanin) producing cells of the skin, melanocytes, die off. Skin pigment, Melanin, gives skin its color and also protects it from the harmful UV rays in the Sunlight.
Vitiligo is not contagious and therefore cannot be transmitted from one person to another.
The main goals for treating Leukoderma are regaining pigment in affected areas and minimizing the contrast between normal and affected skin, through sunscreen and sun avoidance. Dermatologists at Sarin Skin may recommend such treatment options as:
The condition usually has no symptoms other than the loss of color in the skin. The affected areas of skin are not just lighter in color but are depigmented (without any pigment) or chalk-white. Any part of the body can be affected but typical areas are the:
The exact cause is unknown, but genetic factors are thought to play a role. Leukoderma develops when cells called melanocytes that produce pigment die. Possible causes of the condition include:
The exact causes of Vitiligo are yet to be determined. But the disease can be related to the following:
Many options are available to restore the skin discoloration in Vitiligo Treatment. However, results vary from person to person and are also unpredictable.
There is no medication that can stop vitiligo, but some medication and therapies can help improve skin’s appearance and even out the skin tone.
The various treatment options include-