Rosacea - Symptoms and causes

What Causes Rosacea?

The cause of rosacea is not entirely known. Dilated blood vessels contribute to the redness of the face. Known triggers of rosacea include:

  • Sun exposure
  • Heat
  • Ingestion of spicy foods
  • Alcohol use
  • Emotional stress

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Signs and Symptoms of Rosacea

Rosacea often begins with easy blushing and flushing of the face and neck. Eventually, redness will persist around the nose area, extending to the rest of the face. It has many types of clinical symptoms and on the basis of these different symptoms, it is classified into the following four types.

  • Pre: Frequent episodes of blushing and flushing of the face and neck
  • Vascular: Swelling of blood vessels under the facial skin, leading to swollen, warm skin (common in women)
  • Inflammatory: Formation of pimples and enlarged blood vessels on the face
  • Rhinophyma: Enlarged oil glands in the nose and cheeks that cause an enlarged, bulbous red nose (common in men)

In addition, it often affects the eye and eyelid. Eye symptoms may include:

  • Redness
  • Burning
  • Tearing
  • Inflamed eyelids
  • The sensation of a foreign object in the eye

Rosacea - Symptoms and causes

Managing Symptoms

If you have been diagnosed, you can help manage the condition by:

  • Keeping a record of triggers, such as stress, weather, or certain foods or drinks
  • Always use a sunscreen that protects against UVA and UVB rays and has a sun-protecting factor (SPF) of 15 or higher
  • Being careful not to use any irritating products on your face
  • Taking your medications as prescribed


At Sarin Skin, our rosacea treatment for face and skin is to control the symptoms associated. Options may include:

  • Diet modifications to avoid foods that dilate the skin’s blood vessels, such as caffeine, spicy foods, and alcohol
  • Topical (skin-based) and oral antibiotics
  • Glycolic acid peels
  • Cortisone cream
  • Laser therapy
  • Dermabrasion
  • Electrosurgery